A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both Interaction between Text and Reader; Wolfgang Iser; pp. Wolfgang Iser (22 July – 24 January ) was a German literary scholar. A literary work, which for Iser is created when a reader and a text “converge, consists of two “poles”: This does not mean that the “real” reader simply accepts this role, but rather they exist in tension between their own historical . Interaction. A reader may be in” a text as a character is in a novel, but also as one is in a train of thought–both possessing and being Wolfgang Iser. Central to the reading of every literary work is the interaction between its structure and its recipient.

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An actual text is not only all reader’s interpretation or all writer’s intention. The documented response of real readers has often been thought to mirror the cultural norms or codes of a given era. Different readers will decide to fill in the various gaps in different ways, allowing for inexhaustible realizations of the text within its provided interpretive limits. Negativity, urges Iser, is the basic force in imteraction communication, making possible: Intrection between text and the reader.

In other words, everything that has been incorporated into a literary text has been deprived of its reality, and is subjected to new and unfamiliar connections. Iser makes resder clear that neither the writer’s pole nor the reader’s pole alone is a perfect text – The virtual text-actual work remains somewhere between the artistic pole and the aesthetic pole.

The first is that reading is a temporal activity, and one that is not linear. Rather than a text delivering some kind of message to a reader, the reader “is bound to insert his own ideas into the process of communication” Act, By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Iser is known for his reader-response criticism in literary theory. To demonstrate his model of getween based on recursive interaction between readers and text, Iser constantly refers to his own readings of literary texts. A Theory of Aesthetic Response. For Iser, literary interxction require readers to actualize them and the fulfillment of the potential reading of a text which is actualized represents a kind of conversation between the text and the reader: Here he aand the actual process of interaction text and reader.


It hasn’t necessarily fundamentally altered that process, only enhanced the ways of articulating it. betewen


As readers, we occupy a perspective that is continually moving and changing according to the way we make sense of the accumulating fictional material. The potential for interaction to become participatory in this more communal way represents the possibility of moving interpretation beyond “the private world” to create a sense of meaning which is more concretely intersubjective.

It bears noting that this kind of literalization does not necessarily work against the grain of Iser’s theory of reading. In the latter case, literature would have nothing, or at least nothing valuable, to communicate AR, This gloss function, however, represents only one level of interaction facilitated by the WORP project.

Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Each annotation is placed within the original text in the form of a hypertextual link shown in the left-hand frame as underlined phrases.

Key Theories of Wolfgang Iser | Literary Theory and Criticism

Notes on Contributors pp. Do Readers Make Meaning? To illustrate this, Iser uses the example of constellations: In the same way, two people gazing at the night sky may both be looking at the same collection of stars, but one will see the image of a plough, and wolffgang other will make out a dipper.

There, Iser began to explore contemporary philosophy and literature, which deepened his interest in inter-cultural exchange.

While Iser suggests that a reader and a text enter into a kind of conversation, WORP makes possible the extension of this dialogue to include other readers. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. He makes it clear that the interaction between text and reader does not resemble exactly the interaction between person and person. Johns Hopkins University Press, A The interaction between person and person is generally interxction to face which is not possible in case of an interaction between text and reader because as such one is animate while the other is inanimate and yet interaction takes place.

In other words, that objective governs the interaction between two individuals. Reading as a Personal Transaction Norman N. Project MUSE Mission Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.

In the New Critical approach, qualities such as harmony are considered valuable in intetaction own right. For Iser, reading is propelled by the reactions and responses of wolfgqng. On the other hand, by making certain semantic decisions and ruling out others, for the sake of a consistent reading, we acknowledge the inexhaustibility of the text, its potential to have other meanings that may not quite fit into our own scheme.


The text thus created by our reading is a product of our processes of anticipation and retrospection IR, Note that the sample shown in the figure contains a total of nine annotations which have been added by readers. Commenting on the nature of interaction between a text and a reader, Iser explains that every text has got poles – the aesthetic pole and the artistic pole.

Hereafter cited as IR. This search for consistency has a number of implications. For instance, the commentaries which are woven into the project by creating a discussion forum as an annotation allow the dialogue to refer to and begin with the original text and a single reader, but to broaden out to include any number of readers who might come later. The interaction between a text and a reader stands in a sharp contract to it.

Future readers of “The Unsex’d Females” will have the option of reading Lindsey’s comment alongside the original poem. He has to observe certain invisible boundary lines prepared by the author and accordingly the readre of ideation takes place. Every fictional structure, according to Iser, is two-sided: According to Poulet, consciousness is the point at which author and reader converge, and the work itself can be thought of as a consciousness reaxer takes over the mentality of the reader, who is obliged to shut out his individual disposition and character IR, — The meaning of the text is generated by the convergence of these perspectives, a convergence that is not itself set out in words but occurs during the reading process.

The meaning of the text is not formulated by the text itself but is a projection of the reader. inheraction

Wolfgang Iser

I Winter, This standpoint is multifaceted, because the narrator, the characters, the plot, and the fictitious reader all offer sides of it. Interaction between Text and Reader Wolfgang Iser pp. Wolfgang Iser 22 July — 24 January was a German literary scholar.